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Gedling, H., Bowman, H., & Cruse, D. (2024).

Heart Rate Synchronisations Associated with Narrative Comprehension.

Open Science Framework.

Vidal Gran, C., Bowman H., & Cruse, D. (2020)

The role of strategic and non-strategic expectations in language comprehension: Auditory follow-up study

Open Science Framework.


Banellis, L., & Cruse, D. (2021).

Heartbeat-evoked potentials during interoceptive-exteroceptive integration are not consistent with precision-weighting. bioRXiv // Pre-registration



Cruse, D., Ragazinskaite, K., Chinner, A., Bareham, C., Roberts, N., Banner, R., Chennu, S., & Villa, D. (2024).

Family caregivers’ sense-making of the results of functional neurodiagnostics for patients with Prolonged Disorders of Consciousness. 
Neuropsychological Rehabilitation, In Press​. PDF


Bowman, H., Collins, D.J., Nayak, A.K., & Cruse, D. (2023). Is predictive coding falsifiable?
Neuroscience and Biobehavioural Reviews, In Press. Publisher PDF // Preprint

Gibbings, A., Henry, M.J., Cruse, D., Stojanoski, B., Grahn, J.A. (2023).

Attention modulates neural measures associated with beat perception.
European Journal of Neuroscience, In Press. PDF


​Perez, P., Madsen, J., Banellis, L., Türker, B., Raimondo, F., Perlbarg, V., Valente, M., Niérat, M-C., Puybasset, L., Naccache, L., Similowski, T., Cruse, D., Parra, L.C., & Sitt., J.D. (2021). 

Conscious processing of narrative stimuli synchronizes heart rate between individuals.

Cell Reports, 36, 109692. PDF // Data+Scripts

Sokoliuk, R., Degano, G., Melloni, L., Noppeney, U., & Cruse, D. (2021).

The influence of auditory attention on rhythmic speech tracking: implications for studies of unresponsive patients.
Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 15, 464. PDF // Data+Scripts

Chinner, A., Pauli, R., & Cruse, D. (2021).

The impact of prolonged disorders of consciousness on family caregivers' quality of life - A scoping review.

Neuropsychological Rehabilitation, In Press. PDF

Pavlov, Y.G., [...], Cruse, D., [...], & Mushtaq, F. (2021).

#EEGManyLabs: Investigating the replicability of influential EEG experiments.

Cortex, In Press. PDF

O'Donnell, A., Pauli, R., Banellis, L., Sokoliuk, R., Hayton, T., Sturman, S., Veenith, T., Yakoub, K.M., Belli, A., Chennu, S., & Cruse, D. (2021).

The prognostic value of resting-state EEG in acute post-traumatic unresponsive states.

Brain Communications, 3(2), fcab017, PDF // Data+Scripts

Sokoliuk, R., Degano, G., Banellis, L., Melloni, L., Hayton, T., Sturman, S., Veenith, T., Yakoub, K.M., Belli, A., Noppeney, U., & Cruse, D. (2021).

Covert speech comprehension predicts recovery from acute unresponsive states.

Annals of Neurology, 89(4), 646-656. PDF // Data+Scripts


Pauli, R., O’Donnell, A., & Cruse, D. (2020).

Resting-state electroencephalography for prognosis in disorders of consciousness following traumatic brain injury.
Frontiers in Neurology, 11, 1654. PDF

Banellis, L., Sokoliuk, R., Wild, C.J., Bowman, H., & Cruse, D. (2020).

Event-related potentials reflect prediction errors and pop-out during comprehension of degraded speech.
Neuroscience of Consciousness, 1, niaa022. PDF // Data+Scripts

Vidal-Gran, C., Sokoliuk, R., Bowman, H., & Cruse, D. (2020).

Strategic and non-strategic semantic expectations hierarchically modulate neural processing.
eNeuro, 7(5), ENEURO.0229-20.2020. PDF // Data+Scripts // Pre-registration


Banellis, L. & Cruse, D. (2020).

Skipping a beat: heartbeat-evoked potentials reflect predictions during interoceptive-exteroceptive integration.

Cerebral Cortex Communications, 1(1), tgaa060. PDF // Data+Scripts // Pre-registration


Sokoliuk, R., Calzolari, S., & Cruse., D. (2019).

Dissociable electrophysiological correlates of semantic access of motor and non-motor concepts.

Scientific Reports, 9, 11482. PDF / Data+Scripts


Sokoliuk, R., & Cruse., D. (2018).

Listening for the rhythm of a conscious brain (Invited commentary on Engemann et al.).

Brain, 141(11), 3095-3097. Publisher or PDF

Rupawala, M., Dehghani, H., Lucas, S.J.E., Tino, P., & Cruse, D. (2018).

Shining a light on awareness: A review of functional near-infrared spectroscopy for prolonged disorders of consciousness.
Frontiers in Neurology, 9(350). PDF


Ragazzoni, A., Cincotta, M., Giovannelli, F., Cruse, D., Young, G.B., Miniussi, C., & Rossi, S. (2017).

Clinical neurophysiology of prolonged disorders of consciousness: from diagnostic stimulation to therapeutic neuromodulation.

Clinical Neurophysiology, 128(9):1629-1646. PDF

Cruse, D., Fattizzo, M., Owen, A. M., & Fernández-Espejo, D. (2017).​

Why use a mirror to assess visual pursuit in prolonged disorders of consciousness? Evidence from healthy control participants.

BMC Neurology, 17:14, PDF


Gibson, R. M., Chennu, S., Fernández-Espejo, D., Naci, L., Owen, A. M., & Cruse, D. (2016).​

Reply to "Is command following unrelated to top-down attention in consciousness disorders?"

Annals of Neurology, 81(1), 160-161, PDF

​Beukema, S., Gonzalez-Lara, L. E., Finoia, P., Kamau, E., Allanson, J., Chennu, S., Gibson, R. M., Pickard, J. D., Owen, A. M., & Cruse, D. (2016)

A hierarchy of event-related potential markers of auditory processing in disorders of consciousness.

Neuroimage: Clinical, 12, 359-371. PDF

Gibson, R. M., Chennu, S., Fernández-Espejo, D., Naci, L., Owen, A. M., & Cruse, D. (2016).​

Somatosensory attention identifies both overt and covert awareness in disorders of consciousness.

Annals of Neurology, 80(3), 412-423., PDF

Gibson, R. M., Owen, A. M., & Cruse, D. (2016). 

Brain-computer interfaces for patients with disorders of consciousness. 

Progress in Brain Research, 228, 241-291. PDF.

Cruse, D., Young, G. B., Piccione, F., Cavinato, M., & Ragazzoni, A. (2016). 

Brain electrophysiology in disorders of consciousness: diagnostic and prognostic utility. 

In M. Monti & W. Sannita (Eds) Brain function and responsiveness in disorders of consciousness (pp. 105-118). Springer.

Cruse, D. & Young, G.B. (2016). 

The complexity of disorders of consciousness (Invited commentary on Thul et al.). 

Clinical Neurophysiology, 2, 1001-1002. PDF


Kirschner, A., Cruse, D., Chennu, S., Owen, A. M., & Hampshire, A. (2015).

A P300-based cognitive assessment battery.

Brain and Behaviour, 5, e00336. PDF

Graham, M., Weijer, C., Cruse, D., Fernández-Espejo D., Gofton, T., Gonzalez-Lara, L., Lazosky, A., Naci, L., Norton, L., Peterson, A., Speechley, K. N., Young, G. B., Owen, A. M. (2015). 

An ethics of welfare for patients diagnosed as vegetative with covert awareness. 

AJOB Neuroscience, 6(2), 31-41. PDF

​Peterson, A., Cruse, D., Naci, L., Weijer, C., & Owen, A.M. (2015).

Risk, diagnostic error, and the clinical science of consciousness.

Neuroimage: Clinical, 7, 588-597. PDF


​Gibson, R. M., Fernández-Espejo, D., Gonzalez-Lara, L. E., Kwan, B. Y., Lee, D. H., Owen, A. M., & Cruse, D. (2014).

Multiple tasks and neuroimaging modalities increase the likelihood of detecting covert awareness in patients with disorders of consciousness.

Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 8:950. PDF

​Graham, M., Weijer, C., Peterson, A., Naci, L., Cruse, D., Fernández-Espejo, D., Gonzalez-Lara, L., & Owen, A. M. (2014). 

Acknowledging awareness: informing families of individual research results for patients in the vegetative state.

Journal of Medical Ethics, doi:10.1136/ medethics-2014-102078. PDF

​Weijer, C., Peterson, A., Webster, F., Graham, M., Cruse, D., Fernández-Espejo, D., Gofton, T., Gonzalez-Lara, L. E., Lazosky, A., Naci, L., Norton, L., Speechley, K., Young, G.B., & Owen, A. M. (2014).

Ethics of neuroimaging after serious brain injury.

BMC Medical Ethics, 15(41). PDF

​Cruse, D., Beukema, S. T., Chennu, S., Malins, J. G., Owen, A. M., & McRae, K. (2014).

The reliability of the N400 in single subjects: Implications for patients with disorders of consciousness.

Neuroimage: Clinical, 4, 788-799. PDF

​Cruse, D., Norton, L., Gofton, T., Young, G. B., & Owen, A. M. (2014).  

Positive Prognostication from Median-Nerve Somatosensory Evoked Cortical Potentials.

Neurocritical Care, 21(2), 238-44. PDF

Cruse, D., Gantner, I., Soddu, A., & Owen, A. M. (2014).

Lies, damned lies, and diagnoses: Estimating the clinical utility of assessments of covert awareness in the Vegetative State.

Brain Injury, 28(9), 1197-1201. PDF

Gibson, R. M., Chennu, S., Owen, A. M., & Cruse, D. (2014).

Complexity and familiarity enhance single-trial detectability of imagined movements with electroencephalography.

Clinical Neurophysiology, 125(8), 1556-1567. PDF


​Cruse, D. (2013).

Off to never-never land: losing consciousness to gain thought (Invited commentary on Leu-Semenescu et al.).

Brain, 136, 2935-2936. PDF

​Peterson, A., Naci, L., Weijer, C., Cruse, D., Fernández-Espejo, D., Graham, M., & Owen, A. M. (2013).

Assessing decision-making capacity in the behaviorally nonresponsive patient with residual covert awareness.

AJOB Neuroscience, 4(4), 3-14. PDF

Cruse, D., Chennu, S., Chatelle, C., Bekinschtein, T. A., Fernández-Espejo, D., Pickard, J. D., Laureys, S., & Owen, A. M. (2013).

Response to: Reanalysis of “Bedside detection of awareness in the vegetative state: a cohort study.”

The Lancet, 381(9863), 291-292. PDF

​Cruse, D., Thibaut, A., Demertzi, A., Nantes, J. C., Bruno, M-A., Gosseries, O., Vanhaudenhuyse, A., Bekinschtein, T. A., Owen, A. M., & Laureys, S. (2013).
Actigraphy assessments of circadian sleep-wake cycles in the Vegetative and Minimally Conscious States.
BMC Medicine, 11:18. PDF

- Correction published August 2018 PDF


​Cruse, D., Chennu, S., Fernández-Espejo, D., Payne, W., Young, G. B., & Owen, A. M. (2012).

Detecting awareness in the Vegetative State: Electroencephalographic evidence for attempted movements to command.

PLoS ONE, 7(11). PDF

Chatelle, C., Chennu, S., Noirhomme, Q., Cruse, D., Owen, A. M., & Laureys, S. (2012).

Brain-Computer Interfacing in Disorders of Consciousness.  

Brain Injury, 26(12), 1510-1522. PDF

Naci, L., Monti, M. M., Cruse, D., Kübler, A., Sorger, B., Goebel, R., Kotchoubey, B., Owen, A. M. (2012).  

Brain-Computer Interfaces for Communication with Non-Responsive Patients.

Annals of Neurology, 72(3), 312-323. PDF

Cruse, D., Chennu, S., Chatelle, C., Bekinschtein, T. A., Fernández-Espejo, D., Pickard, J. D., Laureys, S., & Owen, A. M. (2012). 

Bedside Detection of Awareness in the Vegetative State - Authors’ Reply. 

The Lancet, 379(9827), 1702. PDF

​Fernández-Espejo, D., Soddu, A., Cruse, D., Palacios, E. M., Junque, C., Vanhaudenhuyse, A., Rivas, E., Newcombe, V., Menon, D., Pickard, J. D., Laureys, S., Owen, A. M. (2012).  

A Role for the Default Mode Network in the Bases of Disorders of Consciousness.

Annals of Neurology, 72(3), 335-343. PDF

Cruse, D., Chennu, S., Chatelle, C., Fernández-Espejo, D., Bekinschtein, T. A., Pickard, J. D., Laureys, S., & Owen, A. M. (2012).

The Relationship Between Aetiology and Covert Cognition in the Minimally Conscious State.  
Neurology, 78, 816-822. PDF


Cruse, D., Chennu, S., Chatelle, C., Bekinschtein, T. A., Fernández-Espejo, D., Pickard, J. D., Laureys, S., & Owen, A. M. (2011).

Bedside Detection of Awareness in the Vegetative State - a Cohort Study. 
The Lancet, 378(9809), 2088-2094. PDF

​Cruse, D., Monti, M. M., & Owen, A. M. (2011).  

Neuroimaging in Disorders of Consciousness: Contributions to Diagnosis and Prognosis.  

Future Neurology, 6(2), 291-299. PDF

​Cruse, D. & Wilding, E. L. (2011).  

Temporally and Functionally Dissociable Retrieval Processing Operations Revealed by Event-Related Potentials.  

Neuropsychologia, 49(7), 1751-1760. PDF


​Cruse, D. & Owen, A. M. (2010).  

Consciousness Revealed: New Insights into the Vegetative and Minimally Conscious States.  

Current Opinion in Neurology, 23(6), 656-660. PDF

​Fernández-Espejo, D., Junque, C., Cruse, D., et al. (2010).  

Combination of Diffusion Tensor and Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging During Recovery from the Vegetative State.  

BMC Neurology, 10(1), 77. PDF


​Cruse, D. & Wilding, E. L. (2009).  

Prefrontal Cortex Contributions to Episodic Retrieval Monitoring and Evaluation. 

Neuropsychologia, 47(13), 2779-2789. PDF

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